Hearing God in Music: A Christian Critique of Semiological Analysis of Music

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1. Etienne Gilson, The Philosophy of St. Bonaventure (n.p.: Fransiscan Press, 1965), 181.

2. Ibid., 182, 198.

3. Ibid., 199.

4. Nan Cooke Carpenter, Music in the Medieval and Renaissance Universities (Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press, 1958; reprint, New York: Da Capo Press, 1972), 11-13; Nancy van Deusen, Theology and Music at the Early University: The Case of Robert Grosseteste and Anonymous IV (Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1995), ix-xv.

5. John Henry Newman, The Idea of a University (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1996), 76.

6. Ibid., 99.

7. Jean-Jacques Nattiez, Music and Discourse: Toward a Semiology of Music, trans. Carolyn Abbate (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1990), 9.

8. Ibid., 15-17.

9. Daniel Chandler, Semiotics: The Basics (London and New York: Routledge, 2002), 245.

10. Jacques Derrida, A Derrida Reader: Between the Blinds, ed. Peggy Kamuf (New York: Columbia University Press, 1991), 34-41.

11. Roland Barthes, “The Death of the Author,” in Image, Music, Text, trans. Stephen Heath (New York: Hill and Wang, 1977), 147.

12. John K. Sheriff, The Fate of Meaning: Charles Peirce, Structuralism, and Literature (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1989, 26.

13. Ibid., 53.

14. Madan Sarup, An Introductory Guide to Post-Structuralism and Postmodernism (Athens, GA: The University of Georgia Press, 1989), 3.

15. Jacques Derrida, Writing and Difference, trans. Alan Bass (London: Routledge, 1978), 292.

16. W. B. Gallie, Peirce and Pragmatism (New York: Dover, 1966; reprint, Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1975), 126-27.

17. See Charles Peirce, Peirce on Signs, ed. James Hoopes (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1991). All quotations are taken from pp. 181 and 251.

18. Philip Tagg, “Introductory Notes to the Semiotics of Music,” Version 3, July 1999, www.tagg.org/xpdfs/semiotug.pdf.

19. V. Kofi Agawu, Playing with Signs: A Semiotic Interpretation of Classic Music (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1991).

20. Eero Tarasti, A Theory of Musical Semiotics, (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1994).

21. Hatten, Robert. “Toward a Semiotic Model of Style in Music: Epistemological and Methodological Bases.” Ph.D. diss., Indiana University, 1982.

22. J. R. R. Tolkien, “On Fairy Stories,” in The Tolkien Reader (New York: Ballantine, 1966), 49.

23. Ibid., 87-88.

24. Jacques Lacan, Écrits: A Selection, trans. Alan Sheridan (New York: Norton, 1977), 154.

25. Augustine, On Christian Doctrine, trans. J. F. Shaw, in Great Books of the Western World, ed. Robert Maynard Hutchins, vol. 18 (Chicago: Encyclopedia Britannica, 1952), 646.